Disbalance in the level of electrolytes can lead to numerous cardiac and neurological problems. Electrolytes are salts which convert into positive and negative ions when you’re dissolving them into liquid. Primary electrolytes are magnesium, potassium, sodium, hydrogen carbonate and phosphates. They affect many processes in the body, starting from the correct distribution of water to the cells, to maintaining the pH of the blood.
Their work is regulated by hormones, and the imbalance of electrolytes can have many negative consequences for our health.
To prevent this, you should know the basic symptoms of electrolytes imbalance.
4 Common Symptoms Of Electrolyte Imbalance
This is one of the most common symptoms of electrolyte imbalance. Moreover, magnesium plays a significant role in maintaining the level of enzymes, bone and muscle health, but also in brain activity. Because it affects about 300 processes in the body, its deficiency can cause chronic fatigue.
Slow and irregular heart rhythm
Calcium affects the electrical impulses that the body needs so that muscles and the nervous system function normally. The lack of calcium leads to a slower heart rate, and hypokalemia (lack of potassium) occurs when the body loses fluid (for example, due to diarrhea or vomiting), but also by using some medications. A milder form of hypokalemia manifests in a form of muscle weakness, tingling, and spasm in the muscles.
Numbness of the feet and toes
Even 99% of calcium in the body is in bones. This essential electrolyte is responsible for bone formation, but also for the function of numerous enzymes, muscle contraction, and blood flow. However, if the levels of calcium are in imbalance, this can lead to feelings of “tingling” in the muscles, fingers, and legs.
Itching and poor circulation
Phosphate is the key to creating energy, which affects the function of all cells. Too much phosphate affects the destruction of muscle tissue, and therefore it comes to the itchy skin. This problem can cause kidney and circulatory disorders and, in some cases, heart failure.
Foods rich in electrolytes
Experts advise to include these essential nutrients into your body’s diet. Nonetheless, electrolytes are found in peas, mushrooms, potatoes, avocados, and spinach.