Vertigo, or dizziness, is a disturbance of orientation, which manifests itself with a strong illusion of movement in space. Along with the illusion of movement, patients often experience nausea, and difficulty standing and moving.
The term vertigo is used in the medical world to describe the dysfunction of the vestibular system, which creates the perception as if the entire world is spinning, although the patients remain perfectly still.
People who do not understand this medical condition describe their balance problem as a feeling of spinning, or dizziness that causes an unstable sensation. Vertigo or the feeling of imbalance is usually caused by problems in the inner ear. But, more than 300 different things can cause this condition. Some of them are:
– Postural vertigo
– Vestibular nerve inflammation
– Meniere’s disease
– Tumor of the hearing nerve
– Disorders of the blood flow to the brain
– Changes in the neck spinal tissue
– Excessive muscle strain
– Old age
– Increase or decreased blood pressure
– Bacterial or viral infections
– Middle ear infections
– Vascular problems (especially disorders in the neck circulation)
– Adverse effects of some drugs
– Head and ear injuries
– Multiple sclerosis
– Poisoning with nicotine, alcohol, or some other toxin
– Tumor and other brain diseases
Depending on the type and severity of the vertigo, the patients can have many problems, from nausea and vomiting, to balance problems and other complications. Dizziness has the potential to severely disable patients with a constant perception of spinning.
When diagnosing the condition, we need an opinion from different health experts, such as otoneurologist, neurologist, and physiologist. Of inevitable importance is the patient’s explanation of the nature of dizziness, where he/she works, the activities just before the attack, possible head, and neck injuries, and chronic illnesses. A series of different diagnostic procedures can help set the exact diagnosis. You need to start by examining both ears, the nose, throat, and larynx, followed by a thorough neurological examination. You should also check your eyes, heart and blood vessels. At the end, comes the psychiatric examination. After you determine what’s making you dizzy, you need to get a proper treatment.
Treatment And Prevention
A person who feels dizzy should first calm down, and carefully sit down. Otherwise, he/she may fall and be harmed. Here we made a list of things you should do when you’re dizzy.
– Rest and lie whenever you feel dizzy
– When you lie down and take a comfortable position
– Keep your eyes open and look at one point
– Hold cold compresses on your forehead
– Avoid coffee, alcohol and cigarettes, fried and fatty foods
– Eat foods that are easy to chew, preferably salt-free
– However, if you have low blood pressure, you should increase your intake of salt
– Drink plenty of fluids
– Try to relax with a proper breathing technique
– Massage your head and neck
An Easy Fix For Vertigo
Have you ever tried the half somersault maneuver for positional vertigo, developed by Dr. Carol Foster? All you need to do is get on your knees, look at the ceiling and then put your head upside down. It’s that simple!
Watch the video down below and learn how it’s done: