Bees in the ecosystem probably play one of the most vital roles. In addition to producing honey, they also contribute to the ecosystem by pollinating plants. We all know that without pollination of plants, we will not get their fruits, and thus also the food for humans and animals.
Albert Einstein said ‘if bees disappear from the planet Earth, man as a species has about 4 years to live. Let’s hope that it will not come to this dark scenario.
So, how can you contribute to the bee population? Stick around and find out.
First of all, let’s find out what wild bees are. Solitary or wild bees are those that live outside the apiary and do not have a hive. They are very successful pollinators and also have a weak sting, which they rarely use. They are not attracted to traditional hives, but they will be very happy to move into the home that you can build for them. You can even create a separate room for each of them! The secret is that they rarely find a safe place to lay their eggs, so they will make the best of it.
How To Make A Bee Home
First step: Make a frame
You can use for the external walls natural wood or wood debris as well as timber. You can make it any shape or size you want. However, we recommend using the rectangular profile (20×30 cm) which is easy to build. The only thing that should watch out is that the frame should be 15 cm to 20 cm deep. It also needs to be closed at the back. The top should be leaned in order for the rain to flow. You must extend the top at least 5 inches. You can use corrugated metal or wood for the top. We recommend avoiding using colors because the bees don’t like the odor of it.
Second step: Build rooms
The rooms in the home are holes pierced in the wooden blocks. You can use thicker tree branches or unfilled reeds. What is important is that you should make all the rooms to the same extent, according to the deepness of the frame – a minimum of 15 cm. Wild bees are different, they are not identical and they vary in dimension, that’s why you should make different holes. Make the larger holes 6 mm in diameter and 12-15 cm deep, and the smaller ones up to 6 mm in diameter and up to 12 cm deep. Build as many hole-filled blocks as can fit in the box.
Final step: Place the bee home
Find the right place for your bee home- you can put it on the outer wall, fence, or any other upright surface. Attach the back of the home onto the wall with a few screws. The best position is up high and facing south. This position will create conditions for laying eggs from spring to autumn, due to the heat. When the bees move in, they will adapt the room to their needs. They will lay an egg and bring in pollen so baby bees have food. You should close the room once the tube is full to prevent moisture or other insects from coming in. Adult bees will show up during the winter and will break through the “door” to get out. Remember to create new rooms and remove the old ones every year to protect the next generation bees from diseases that they can transmit to each other.
Note: Do not use freshly bought treated wood, because the chemicals inside it can hurt and kill the bees!
You can watch the video down below to learn more about the topic.