Can Eczema Be Adequately Treated?
Eczema is a term used to refer to a collection of medical conditions that lead to inflammation of the skin, itchiness, redness, cracked and rough skin. And sometimes, with eczema, blisters may occur.
Causes Of Eczema
The exact cause of eczema is not fully known, but research indicates that a combination of environmental and hereditary factors are the main cause of eczema. For instance, children whose parents have suffered from an atopic disease are likely to develop eczema.
Environmental factors that cause symptoms of eczema include:
- Microbes, such as staphylococcus bacteria, certain fungi, and viruses.
- Irritants, such as those found in shampoos, soaps, and disinfectants.
- Some foods, such as eggs, dairy products, soy products, wheat, seeds, and nuts, which have been known to cause a reaction in many individuals.
- Allergens found in the mold, dust mites, pollen, and pets.
- Extreme changes in temperature; when it’s either too hot or too cold.
- Stress doesn’t cause eczema, but it can worsen the symptoms.
- Hormonal changes in women can worsen the symptoms of eczema during certain times of their menstrual cycle, and even pregnancy.
Types Of Eczema
Some of the most common types of eczema include:
- Dermatitis is an allergic contact type of eczema. It occurs when the human body comes into contact with certain substances which are detected by the immune system as foreign. It could be after eating certain foods, medicines, or using certain products on the body. The immune system reacts in an attempt to fight the foreign substance, and this leads to a skin reaction.
- Dyshidrotic eczema is the kind that irritates the skin on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet, causing tiny blisters.
- Nummular eczema causes circular patches on the irritated parts of the skin. These patches can be sometimes itchy, crusted and scaly.
- Contact eczema occurs only in the part of the skin that is in contact with allergens.
- Seborrheic eczema presents itself as scaly, oily, and yellowish patches, appearing on the skin, face or even scalp.
- Neurodermatitis is characterized by scaly patches that occur on the forearms, lower legs, head, and wrists, and is often caused by insect bites.
- Stasis dermatitis is often linked to circulatory problems, and cause skin irritation on the lower legs.
The truth is, there is no cure for eczema. Treatment revolves around healing the affected parts of your skin. Doctors usually develop a treatment plan based on the symptoms, age, medical history, and the current state of health.
In some cases, eczema disappears with time. But, there are people who live with it forever. Because there are no particular treatments, there are certain things you can do to manage the symptoms of the condition.
- Take warm baths on a regular basis.
- Apply moisturizer as soon as you bath. This helps lock in moisture.
- Avoid putting on clothes made from fabrics that scratch the skin. Instead, wear clothes made from soft fabrics, such as cotton.
- Learn what triggers your eczema outbreaks and avoid it at all cost.
- If you have a tendency to scratch, when experiencing breakout, consider keeping your nails short.