Avocado is a unique type of fruit, which you can use in the preparation of many different delicacies. It’s rich in vitamins, minerals, healthy fats and nutrients. And, what’s best about it, is that you don’t have to buy it all the time. You can easily grow this plant in the comforts of your home.
Health Benefits Of Avocado
This is a tropical plant, which we often use in the preparation of various salads, sauces, appetizers, and desserts. Originally, it comes from South America, and it can grow up to 20 meters high, with its leaves being 10-25 cm long.
The fruit is in the shape of a pear, with a large seed in the middle and a rough, dark green peel. Due to its shape and texture, some people call it an alligator pear. Avocado is a fruit, low in calories, but very nutritious and healing.
Avocados are rich in monounsaturated fats, linoleic and palmitic acid, the B group vitamins, vitamin C, E and K, as well as potassium, carotenoids, and phytosterols.
Due to its antioxidant properties, you can find it useful in the treatment of high blood pressure, poor vision, cell damage, infections, obesity, cholesterol, and even cancer.
How To Grow An Avocado Plant At Home
1. Take Out The Seed
Start by removing the seed from the fruit, taking care not to damage it. Then, wash the seed under running water and gently remove the flesh leftovers with your fingers. Make sure not to remove the brown skin, as it acts as a cover of the seed.
2. Determine The Top And Bottom
Some seeds may be longer, while others are almost perfect balls. But, each seed has a bottom part, from where the roots grow, and a top, from where it sprouts. The slightly pointed part is the top, and the flat and rounded part is the bottom.
3. Stab The Seed With Toothpicks
Take three toothpicks and stab them into the middle of the seed, in a slight downward angle. In this way, you’ll enable the top of the seed to remain dry, while the bottom will be immersed in water, to root.
4. Put The Seed In A Glass Of Water
Put a small glass of water next to a window, where there’s plenty of sunshine. Place the seed on the glass, balancing it with the toothpicks on the upper edge. The bottom of the avocado seed should be immersed in water. Change the water every day, or at least once in two days. Doing this will help stop the formation of fungi and bacteria in the seed.
5. Wait For The Seedlings To Sprout
Usually, it takes from 2-4 weeks for the seedlings to sprout. Sometimes, the process may take up to 8 weeks. Thus, don’t despair, just be patient. But, if there are no results after 8 weeks, you need to start the process from the beginning.
Once sprouted, the peel on the top and bottom of the seed should be cracked, with small roots and seedlings appearing on the surface. And, every day, they should grow larger and larger in size.
6. Transfer Your Avocado In A Pot
When the new plant grows over 15 cm in height, you need to transfer it to a pot with fertilized soil. Remove the toothpicks and place the avocado seed in a 25 cm deep pot, filled with soil. Don’t cover the seed entirely with soil, but leave it half exposed.
Put the pot in a place exposed to sunlight, as avocados love the sun.
7. Water And Watch How It Grows
Regularly water the plant, making sure that the soil is not too damp. If its leaves begin to turn yellow, it means that it has too much water. In cases like this, wait a few minutes until the next watering.
8. Trim The Avocado
When the plant is 30 centimeters high, cut the leaves at the top. In this way, the avocado will grow more in width, and it’ll have more leaves, like a bush. Trimming is important for avocados in pots, as if you don’t cut the leaves, it will grow to the ceiling in a thin tree.
* During summer, you can bring out the pots. But, as soon as the temperatures fall below 8 degrees Celsius, you should bring the avocado inside.
Will My Avocado Ever Have Fruits?
It’s hard to say. Sometimes, this plant begins to give fruit after 3-4 years, and sometimes it may be 15 years. But, some plants may not give fruit at all. Therefore, for a successful cultivation, it is best to plant several avocado plants.