The FDA recommends avoiding fluoroquinolones, a class of antibiotics that include medications like Levaquin and Cipro. For those who do not know, doctors usually prescribe these medications for the treatment of 3 common diseases, urinary tract infections, sinusitis, and bronchitis.
The Food and Drug Administration issued a safety review for fluoroquinolones. They disclose that these antibiotics could potentially cause permanent damage to the joints, muscles, tendons, and nerves.
To be more specific, the FDA has reviewed the use of fluoroquinolones because they can cause serious harms to the human health. These include irregular heartbeat, nerve damage, seizures, depression, and torn tendons. Eventually, the side effects of these antibiotics used to treat urinary tract infections, sinusitis, and bronchitis, outweigh the benefits.
Uncontrolled Issuance Of Antibiotic Recipes
The new regulation, issued by FDA, restricts the use of certain types of fluoroquinolones. Among those are Cipro (ciprofloxacin), Levaquin (levofloxacin), Avelox (moxifloxacin), Floxin (ofloxacin), and Factive (gemifloxacin).
A lot of the evidence, about the risks of these medications, came after they were released on the market. And, after they have been consumed by millions of people. While the Infectious Diseases Society of America and other medical organizations have updated their recommendations for fluoroquinolones and their prescription for common infections, such as urinary tract infections, sinusitis, and bronchitis, many doctors have not gotten this message.
Fluoroquinolones have a significant role in the treatment of many serious bacterial infections. Especially, they are important for the treatment of those that have developed a resistance to other antibiotics. However, in the case of less serious illnesses, such as mild sinusitis or uncomplicated cystitis, that do not present complications, the drugs should not be overused.
When You Should Consider Refusing The Intake Of Cipro, Levaquin, And Similar Antibiotics
Here we detail 3 different types of infections for which fluoroquinolones should not be the first choice for treatment. If your doctor insists, you should ask for a second opinion.
In most cases, sinus infections are caused by viruses, not bacteria. And, it’s already a common knowledge that antibiotics do not treat viruses. Usually, the infection will disappear on its own, in about a week. If the symptoms last for more than a week and are accompanied by a fever, intense pain, and a lot of sensitivity in the sinuses, an amoxicillin or some other similar antibiotic could bring you relief.
Infections Of The Urinary Tract
If you have a urinary tract infection, accompanied by symptoms like painful or burning urination, frequent urination, fever, bloody or simply dark urine, you may need medications to treat it. Several different types of antibiotics have proven to be effective when it comes to fighting UTI. However, you may need fluoroquinolones if the infection has proven to be resistant to other antibiotics or if it has already spread to the kidneys. Remember, even though people over 65 may have bacteria in their urine, they don’t need to be treated for a urinary tract infection unless they demonstrate symptoms.
In most cases, chest colds and bronchitis are caused by viruses. Therefore, antibiotics may not be helpful. An exception is if the patient has a COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), which causes shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. In this situation, the patient may benefit from antibiotics if he/she develops symptoms severe enough to require an admission to hospital for treatment. However, the best choice of medications depends on the bacteria that may prevail in the area.
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